Scientists have been searching for life outside the Earth for decades. They have claimed that there are high chances that alien life does exist. Many shreds of evidence have suggested that Mars could be the celestial body that can host life. Now it seems that Jupiter’s icy moon Europa could have the properties to host life. The lunar satellite has extremely high chances of hosting life, believes an expert. This is because Europa might have an ocean of liquid water under its surface and therefore it can shield any life from the Sun’s harmful radiation. Europa is one of the 79 moons of Jupiter, the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
According to Monica Grady, Professor of Planetary and Space Science at Liverpool Hope University, life lies beneath the ice on Europa. The surface of Europa is frozen, covered with a layer of thick ice. Scientists believe there is an ocean beneath the planet’s surface. She explained that elsewhere if there is going to be life on Mars, it’s going to be under the surface of the planet. The professor said it is there life can be protected from solar radiation. This means there are ample chances of ice remaining in the pores of the rocks and this could act as a source of water.
It was in 2012 when researchers for the first time spotted a possible water plume jetting from the south polar region of Europa. Scientists used the Hubble Space Telescope to come to this conclusion. The observations were established twice in 2014 and 2016 by different research teams. They, however, cautioned that the plumes haven’t yet been fully confirmed. But they suggested that there is water available on Europa. Europa’s icy surface makes it one of the most reflective celestial bodies in the solar system. It is also the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter. Europa is believed to be the sixth-closest of all the 79 known moons of the gas giant.